RHCSA Exam EX200 Cheat Sheet Part 2


File System

To refresh the system with new partition

partprobe or partx -a /dev/xxx

To create filesystem

mkfs.ext4 /dev/sdb1

To run a filesystem check

fsck /frv/sdb1

To mount a filesystem:
First create a new directory

mkdir /directory
mount -t ext4 /dev/sdb1 /directory

To unmount

umount /directory

To add a swap space on a new partition
First

mkswap -L NEWSWAP /dev/sdb2
swapon -L NEWSWAP

Then, add an entry on fstab

LABEL=NEWSWAP swap swap defaults 0 0

To setup a user quota
1. Edit fstab,
2. Add usrquota beside defaults
3. mount the partition:

mount -o remount /home

4. Create a userquote file:

quotacheck -cum /home

5. Create username

quota: edquota -u username

6. set a quota:

setquota -u username 30000 35000 0 0 /home

7. Turn on the quota:

quotaon /home

To copy user quota settings

edquota -up username1 username2

To setup a group quota
1. Edit fstab, add grpquota
2. Create a group quota file:

quotacheck -cgm /sales

3. Set a quota:

setquota -g grpname 30000 35000 0 0 /sales

4. Turn on the quota:

quotaon /sales

To view quota usage:

edquota -g sales

To view quota statistic

repquota -ga (for group)
repquota -a (for users)

To create a dump file

dd if=dev/zero of=filename bs=1024 count=25000 (~25MB)

To view an inode

ls -li filename

To create a hard link (cannot cross disk device)

ln filename Desktop/filename-link

To create a symbolic link (can cross disk device)

ln -s /full-path/filename /full-path/filename-link

To setup an ACL
1. Edit fstab,
2. Add acl beside defaults
To view acl:

getfacl /directory

to set acl:

setfacl -m u:username:x /home/directory/

to remove acl:

setfacl -x u:username: /home/directory/
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About the Author

Alfred Tong
Author and owner of this blog. A Networking enthusiast, full time networking and systems Engineer. Generally curious about all things IT.Certifications: GIAC GSEC, CCNP-S, CCNP, CCSP, CCDP, CCNA, RHCE, JNCIA - FWV